Babesia/Theileria spp

Test(s)

Babesia/Theileria species PCR Test

Description

The Babesia/Theileria species PCR test is designed to detect all pathogenic Babesia/Theileria species. Positive results are confirmed by DNA sequencing to identify the infecting species. It is recommended for occupational screening of animal health professionals and diagnostic testing for symptomatic patients with risk of exposure.

Why do I need this test?

Babesia/Theileria species infection mimics many other conditions, including other chronic infections and a number of autoimmune diseases. If you are experiencing hard-to-diagnose chronic symptoms and have had a recent tick attachment or live in a region endemic for Babesia/Theileria, you should consider testing for Babesia infection. Symptoms can range from mild to a malaria-like illness characterized by high fever, headache, muscles aches, loss of appetite, nausea, fatigue, swelling of the liver/spleen, anemia and other conditions that may require immediate medical attention.  This zoonotic infection is primarily transmitted to humans by Ixodes ticks, but can also be transmitted through blood transfusion.  Clinical presentations may be more severe when co-infected with multiple tick-borne pathogens.

Are there special requirements for this test?

None.

Other relevant lab tests

  • Bartonella ePCR™ Triple Draw
  • Bartonella ePCR™ Single Draw
  • Bartonella IFA Serology
  • PCR Tick panel

How long will it take to get my test results?

Test turnaround is 2 weeks

What are the test result ranges?

Positive or Negative.  Positive results include DNA sequence identification of species detected.

Indeterminate PCR, Indeterminate Sequence – A positive PCR was obtained. However, DNA sequencing was not successful and repeat PCR was negative.